Meat Processor Workforce Management

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寻找有能力和愿意的劳动是所有肉类处理器的严重挑战,无论大小如何。亚博英超买球小植物通常需要比大型工厂更高的平均技能水平,但不能通过员工培训期支付高工资。虽然我们不了解这个问题的任何伟大的解决方案,但我们可以提供一些对其他小植物合理工作的想法和计划。

问:我如何找到员工?

Q: How do I train them?

问:我如何保留它们?

问:员工安全和工人comp怎么样?


Schools in the U.S. and Canada offering vocational meat cutting programs

Click这里for a list of schools that offer vocation meat cutting programs- contact these schools for a list of recent grads or soon-to-be graduates and you might just find the employee you are looking for.

Workforce Investment Act (WIA)

As many plant owners will tell you and agency representatives will admit, simply posting a small meat plant job through your state’s Workforce Development office will probably not be as effective as you’d like. However, state workforce development agencies administer a federal program that might be of particular interest to you as a manufacturer/processor. The Workforce Investment Act was passed to “retrain” workers displaced due to international trade. The program subsidizes on-the-job training by paying up to 50 percent of the starting wage for up to 6 months. (This means that you could start someone at $11+/hr. instead of $7.50/hr while you train them.) To access this program, you will need to contact a “Workforce Investment Act Service Provider” and specifically request to post a job through this program. Every state is divided into several Workforce Investment Act Service Provider regions, each of which has its own funding from which to run this program, but the funds don’t always make it through the end of the year. Find out which region your in and contact the regional office directly.

寻找员工的想法

A small meat processing facility in Washington suggested the following……

我发现了克雷斯莱斯列表的成功,确实填补了非必要的立场。但是那些高技能的立场,我已经利用了从内部来源的口腔中的话语来饲料。我也发现发现可以切割肉类的人很容易,但找到一个想要切割肉类的人,拿出名字是挑战。我们最好的制作高熟练的家伙来自厨房,时间是精华和努力的理解。前屠夫商店和零售肉柜台屠夫也在那里,但零售步伐与生产不同,大多数申请人从未锻炼过。
找到您想要的员工的类型,然后转到草皮。如果他们不知道你存在,他们永远不会找到你。社区中心经常有董事会发布公告。
您可能希望与烹饪学校,大学课程等建立一些关系。周围的许多烹饪计划很乐意加入您提供外部/实习计划。此外,您可能希望查看当地政府机构的招聘偏好。例如,我们的州有一个监狱,培训肉切割器在房子里被用作释放时的技能。国家工程源委员会也是一个想法。

How to set up an apprenticeship program

by brydie ragan,T&E Meats

As most processors know, finding skilled staff is a real challenge. At T&E Meats, we took the bull by the horns and started a rigorous Meat Professional Apprenticeship Program to fill the skills gap. Here is some information to consider if you are thinking about offering an apprenticeship program in your organization.

应用:Our T&E Apprenticeship Program is a 3-year commitment, so we want to make sure we have a good fit between T&E and our apprentices. So, we include a two-day tryout as part of the application process.

CURRICULUM:If we were an electrical or plumbing contractor taking on an apprentice, we would provide on-the-job training (OJT) and send the apprentices to a vocational technical school for academic classes. Most Vo-tech schools don’t offer training programs for meat professionals, so T&E had to design our three-year academic curriculum. This is a HUGE undertaking.

We researched books, articles, videos, workbooks, and presentations related to all of the apprenticeship topics in order to fulfill the requirement of three study/classroom hours per week for all three years. Some of these resources include training seminars offered outside of Virginia, which our apprentices are scheduled to attend. Then, we mapped the study resources to the on-the-job training modules. For example, before and during the time our apprentices work with live animals, their study materials are related to animal handling. In addition, we developed evaluations such as tests and other homework assignments for each topic area.

OJT HOURS:为期3年的学徒映射所需的OJT小时是一个挑战。我们构建了一个矩阵,包括我们的学徒在T&E工作的每一天的工作活动(按小时)。

PARTNERING WITH THE STATE:The T&E Apprenticeship Program is a state-approved program, so our apprentices will earn an official Journeyman’s Card upon successful completion of the program, just like an electrician or plumber. It takes extra time to coordinate with multiple State agencies, but we think the credential that our apprentices will receive makes it worth the effort.

Management and Workplace Culture

Retaining employees is just as important, if not more so, than hiring new ones. National studies consistently show that employees quit jobs more often because of workplace culture and relations with other employees, particularly managers or supervisors, than because of the difficulty of the work. What are personal interactions like around your plant? Between employees? Between you or other supervisors and employees? If you are not sure, or think they could be better, you are not alone. This is part of what “management” is all about.

Because this is such an important issue, we highly recommend that you take a class on management at your local community college. These classes can help you understand your management style and how to become a more effective manager, covering specific topics such as time allocation, interviewing, performance reviews, and how to handle workplace conflicts. Classes are offered as open enrollment throughout the year or can be customized to meet your business and scheduling needs. Check your local phone book to find a community college near you.

在考虑员工赔偿时,人们应考虑不仅仅是每小时工资。一些工厂提供其他财务福利,如保险和支付休息,其他人让员工在需要现金时额外工作,即使业务很慢。许多植物除了薪水外,还提供了员工的福利,以展示他们的员工欣赏多少。有些例子包括每周几天或每天的免费热午餐,每天免费或降低价格肉类产品,公司野餐,并支付职业培训。

Innovation in Practice: Employee Management T&E Meats

我们经常听到寻找,培训和保持良好帮助的小规模肉类处理器可以成为一场斗争。亚博英超买球T&E肉类的Joe Cloud,共同所有者和经理,与我们公司的员工管理方法分享。点击这里下载PDF.

Workers Compensation

This page应该帮助你更好地了解rates for workers compensation, which are determined based on job risk. The National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI) creates a job risk rating and code for every type of job. Small meat processors are, of course, one of those types of business that have more than one clear code. And the code makes all the difference in the rate you pay.

2013年12月,我们的良好谈话listserv.关于工人赔偿。以下是来自该对话的Q&A,也可以在我们的ListServ档案中提供(您必须是我们的Google组的成员查看档案:可以找到注册说明这里):

题:We are a new USDA facility in NH. Finding insurance coverage for our facility and a workers comp policy was challenging and more expensive than we thought it would be. I want to start looking at getting quotes lined up for when this policy will be up for renewal. Does anyone have recommendation of agencies that will carry slaughter houses or is there a industry related agency that could help?

Answer #1:你的情绪在肉行业中很常见。我不是在NH获得许可,我不熟悉那里的市场,所以我不能达到一吨服务。My suggestion would be to contact your current representative and work with your current company to develop specific safety programs for each of your processes (slaughter, cutting table, livestock handling, etc.) If you do this it will show prospective carriers that you’re committed to preventing common industry claims.

Also, since there are only a handful of competitive companies that write workers compensation for meat processors, thebest way to control your premiums is by controlling your claims.Controlling your claims only happens when you have a commitment and culture of safetythat rewards employees for their buy-in to your culture.

Answer #2:我们使用意外基金。没有问题。毫无疑问,这是昂贵的。One thing we do to keep down rates is assign a specific work type category to each employee. They are all either a meatpacker (Code 2089) or a butcher (Code 2081). If they are a meatpacker, they are not allowed to pick up a knife, by company policy. The cost to insure a worker classified as 2081 is roughly 2x what it is to insure one classified as 2089. Before we started doing this, the insurer automatically assigned everyone the higher category.

我们所做的第二件事是别人在这里发布的“creating a culture of safety“. This非常重要. Regular training around lifting and ergonomics and forklifts. Hardhats on the killfloor. Steel-toed rubber boots. Every butcher is required to wear an expensive steel mesh glove on every non-cutting hand, and a hard plastic forearm guard on the non-knife arm. We pay for all safety equipment. It costs a bit, and may be difficult to implement at first, but this will save you money in the long run. We found out the hard way.

Answer #3:You might consider trying to put everyone under 2089, as this code is “Packinghouse, All operations.”

Here is the article we wrote on this back in 2009 for NMPAN:
//www.yjcy-vavle.com/19714/workers-compensation-for-meat-processors

As you see from reviewing the specific scope of code 2089 from the National Council on Compensation Insurance (NCCI), it includes slaughtering and other knife work. My experience is also that code 2081 is typically more expensive than 2089 and less applicable.

//www.yjcy-vavle.com/19719/scopes-classification-2089-packing-house-all-operations

注意:NCCI代码2089不适用于加利福尼亚州和蒙大拿州。我不知道为什么。

Response from Original Poster:谢谢,这都是有用的。我必须用目前的承运人调查这一点。我们制作香肠,但除了我们只是加工原始地面和原料的非地面产品。我读到它的方式我们将不得不下降代码2081,因为我们不这样做的肉类喜欢吸烟或固化。

我们有五个全职员工+我的丈夫nd I, but only two of the employees are involved with handling animals and slaughter. These slaughter employees do work in the processing room two days a week, but the three in the processing room never work on the slaughter floor. Possibly they could be coded differently as someone else had suggested.

Answer #4: Great comments so far.I would caution people against getting to caught up on class codes. The rates vary from state to state and year to year. For example, the 2089 rate illustrated in the NMPAN work comp. article in 2009 was $3.37 – in 2013 that rate is $5.47. 2081 was $10.89 in 2009, in 2013 its $8.03. Keep in mind, though, if you’re changing class codes quite a bit within an NCCI state, you could be subject to a class code inspection that could result in unintended results because once the NCCI has rendered their decision, the insurance carrier has to comply with their decision.

控制工人补偿溢价的最佳方法是积极主动。肉类加工是一种危险的行业,没有适当的PPE和安全文化,即奖励安全,损失会发生,最终会反映您的经验修改。关于肉类处理器的所有保险也是如此。亚博英超买球由于肉类加工业务市场有限,因此购物您的保险将只能让您到目前为止。积极主动阻止索赔将走很长的路要走。

Response from Original Poster:我会在我们现在支付的内容中获取任何一个。我们是9月开业的新业务。因为我们是新的它是指定的风险政策。我们被编码为2081年,我们从一开始就且仍然是11.03美元。我们已经有了一个主张,所以我不知道这会对这个速度做些什么。

Thank you for your ideas on creating a culture of safety. We do understand the importance of this, but will need to do more documentation of it.

Answer #5: Thanks for the advice, which has me chuckling, since I just finished reading my audit report from Accident Fund, wherein they switched all of my employees to the expensive Code 2081, eliminating Code 2089, as we do not “Process Meat”, simply “butcher livestock”. I think this means I owe them a lot of money. Will have to follow up with them next week and see how it all falls out.

最好的建议 - 保持安全,没有意外。通常,这意味着刀切,但并不总是如此。

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